The theory behind our programmes



Zippy's Friends, Apple's Friends, Passport and SPARK Resilience teach children how to choose positive coping strategies to deal with everyday difficulties. They learn that they can choose good solutions based on two simple rules:  The solution must

  • help me to feel better
  • not hurt me or anyone else

If a strategy obeys these two rules, it’s ok.

The programmes are based on research which shows that even young children of five or six can learn positive coping strategies. The more strategies they can develop, the better able they will be to cope. So in our programmes, children practise finding solutions for different situations and settings.

Coping and resilience

When children learn to cope better with problems, they become more resilient. Being able to find positive solutions boosts children’s confidence and self-esteem. Learning these skills increases their wellbeing and promotes better mental health.